The archiver is a particular program which archives files and folders and extracts them. In other words, it’s the program that helps to compress the files and also packs them for more convenient e-mail forwarding.
Archives are useful as a way of packing the data of a file system and metadata into a single file for storing it in a computer or for sending over channels that support only a file transfer, for example, to forward the directory structure by e-mail.
How to Archive Files Using WinRAR and 7 Zip?
In addition to archiving purposes, archives are often used to distribute software packages. In this case, the archive is often called a distribution package, and additional conditions regarding content can be applied to it (for example, a manifest file must be present).
WinRAR is a beautiful, very convenient program. If it’s on your PC, then there are two options: either you don’t have to pay for it and you can use it as much as you like, or after a while, it will stop working. If you own a free WinRAR you’re lucky.
And if it turns out that you own an “inferior” option, then it makes sense to download and install the free 7 Zip archiver.
How to archive the file with the help of WinRAR?
To begin with, it is recommended to backup files and folders. It is done very simply. Right-click on the file or folder with the files. A roster of doings emerges. We’re interested in the items that begin with the words “Add to archive”.
Select the second item from this series “Add to” Folder.rar “. Instead of the word Folder, you’ll be given the name of your file. Click on this item. Perhaps for a while, a window, in which the boot process will be shown, will pop up. We have to wait until it disappears. After that, the file with the icon of WinRAR.
This is the file or the folder you archived.
To observe how much the size has decreased, click the right mouse button on the file or on the folder you were compressing. Select “Properties” from the list. A new window will appear. Remember the size and shut it.
Now click with the right mouse button on the new archive file and choose “Properties.” In most cases, its size will be smaller than the original file (folder).
But it doesn’t always happen. If you compress photos, video or music, the size may remain the same or change slightly. To compress photos, music and video, other programs are used, not archivers.
And now we need to unarchive, get out info from the archives. Before getting out information from the archive file, we need to open it.
An unusual window opens. Look in its middle – there are files or folders that are hidden in the archive. If we unzip it, then these files will return to the initial state.
Close the window and right-click on this file. We’re interested in two similar items – “Extract Here” and “Extract to …”.
If, when you opened the archive, in the middle of the window there was one file or one folder, then click “Extract Here”. And if there were several files (folders), click “Extract to …”.
That’s all. After you click on the desired item, the files or folders are extracted and the archive can be deleted.
How to Compress Files with the Help of 7Zip?
First, we’ll learn how to archive files and folders. It is done very simply. Click on the file or folder with the files with the right mouse button. A list of actions appears. We need item 7 Zip. Point to it. An additional list appears. In this list, we are only interested in one item “Add to” Folder.zip “.” The folder name can depend on how you called it.
After this action may appear a window in which the download process is displayed. We need to wait until it ends and close the window.
After that, look carefully at the files and folders. A new file appears. It will look like the 7Zip icon.
Now let’s see how much the size has decreased. Click the right mouse button on the file or on the folder you were compressing. Select “Properties” from the list.
A new window pops up. Remember the size and close it.
And now right-click on the new file-archive and select “Properties”.
In most cases, its size will be smaller. The same as in the WinRAR.
The process of decompressing or returning files to the original state is the same as with WinRAR.
You can choose a more convenient archiver for yourself and use it on an ongoing basis. Both options are very good.